By Debjit Bhowmik, Chiranjib, K. P. Sampath Kumar
Pharmacist plays an important role in patient healthcare. Schizophrenia is a severe, persistent, debilitating, and poorly understood psychiatric disorder that probably consists of several separate illnesses. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects the way a person acts, thinks, and sees the world. People with schizophrenia have an altered perception of reality, often a significant loss of contact with reality. They may see or hear things that don’t exist, speak in strange or confusing ways, believe that others are trying to harm them, or feel like they’re being constantly watched.. About 10% of people with schizophrenia commit suicide. Pharmacist now more patient oriented and have brought many changes in life of patients. Patient counseling is considered the most important parameter for insuring better health care, because here the pharmacist interacts with patients directly. To reduce the severity of psychotic symptoms. To prevent the recurrence of symptomatic episodes and the associated deterioration in functioning. To provide support and thus enable people to function at the highest level possible. Although antipsychotic drug treatment is necessary for schizophrenic patients, it is not enough for rehabilitation alone. Rehabilitation also requires supportive psychotherapy. Various psychosocial treatments are available for varying stages in the disease, and each patient requires a unique treatment regimen . Doctor and therapist appointments for medication management and psychological healing are necessary in all stages of recovery, even when symptoms are under control. Antipsychotic drugs, rehabilitation and community support activities, and psychotherapy are the major components of treatment.
Key Words : Schizophrenia, Psychiatric disorder, Medication management
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