Solanum xanthocarpum (Yellow Berried Night Shade): A review
By Sachin Parmar, Amit Gangwal and Navin Sheth
Solanum xanthocarpum (Solanaceae) (SX) is an important medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine. Since, there are few articles on this plant, the present review is undertaken to summarize available data and compile all the updated information on its phytochemical and pharmacological activities. Various studies indicated that SX possesses antiasthmatic, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and insect repellent properties. Although the results are very encouraging and indicated that some of the constituents of the plant like solasodine and diosgenin are important therapeutically, the herb should be studied more extensively to confirm these results and reveal other potential therapeutic effects. Various traditional claims like immunomodulation, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antianaphylactic and antitumor effects of the plant are still remain to be validated scientifically. Clinical trials for the reported preclinical studies should be performed urgently to further validate the claims on humans.
Key words: Solanum Xanthocarpum, Pharmacological activities, phytochemistry, solasodine, traditional uses.
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