Pharmacognostical investigation of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf

 

By Kumar Ravinder, Krishan Pawan, Swami Gaurav, Kaur Paramjot, Shah Gagan, Kaur Appramdeep

 

Abstract

Cymbopogon (lemon grass, lemongrass, citronella grass or fever grass) is a genus of about 55 species are indigenous in tropical and semi-tropical areas of Asia and are cultivated in South and Central America, Africa and other tropical countries. The essential oil of  Cymbopogon citrates contains Citral a (40%), citral ß (32%), nerol (4.18%), geranicol (3.04%), citronellal (2.10%), terpinolene (1.23%), geranyl acetate (0.83%) etc and all are important raw material used in the pharmaceutical, perfumery and cosmetics industries, especially for the synthesis of Vitamin A and ionones. Citral possesses various biological activities i.e neurobehavioral effect, larvicidal activity, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects, hypocholesterolaemic effect, free radical scavengers and antioxidants effect, ascaricidal activity, antiprotozoan activity, antinociceptive effect, antimycobacterial activity, antimalarial activity, anti-inflammatory activity, antifungal activity, antifilarial activity, antidiarrhoeal activity, anti bacterial activity and anti amoebic effect

Key Words : Cymbopogon citrates, citral, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory activity.

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