Transferosomes: A Novel Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery
By Pandey Shivanand, Goyani Manish, Devmurari Viral, Fakir Jarina
Poor patient compliance is a frequent problem in daily clinical practice. The unfavorable pharmacokinetic of the drug, the inconveniences of the standard from of such drug application and the side effects due to the administration route often are the reasons for this. The high and self-optimizing deformability of typical composite transfersomes membrane, which are adaptable to ambient tress allow the ultra deformable transfersomes to change its membrane composition locally and reversibly, when it is pressed against or attracted into narrow pore. The transfersomes components that sustain strong membrane deformation preferentially accumulate, while the less adaptable molecules are diluted at sites of great stress. This dramatically lowers the energetic cost of membrane deformation and permits the resulting, highly flexible particles, first to enter and then to pass through the pores rapidly and efficiently. This behavior is not limited to one type of pore and has been observed in natural barriers such as in intact skin. Transfersomes possess an infrastructure consisting of hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties together and as a result can accommodate drug molecules with wide range of solubility. Transfersomes can deform and pass through narrow constriction (from 5 to 10 times less than their own diameter) without measurable loss. This high deformability gives better penetration of intact vesicles. They can act as a carrier for low as well as high molecular weight drugs e.g. analgesic, anesthetic, corticosteroids, sex hormone, anticancer, insulin, gap junction protein, and albumin.
Key Words : transfersomes, pharmacokinetic, analgesic, anesthetic, corticosteroids
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