Pharmacognostical standardization of Borassus Flabellifer root
By Sandhya S, Sudhakar K, David Banji, Rao KNV
The Borassus flabellifer is a tall, erect palm, easy to recognize by its large, fan-shaped leaves which are quite unlike the pinnate leaves of other palms. The different parts of the plant are used for ailments like secondary syphilis, antiperiodic, heart burns, liver and spleen enlargement. The chemical constituents of Borassus flabellifer include gums, albuminoids, fats, steroidal glycosides and carbohydrates like sucrose. The fresh pulp is reportedly rich in vitamins A and C. The fresh sap is reportedly a good source f vitamin B-complex. The male inflorescence constitutes borassosides and dioscin, spirostane-type steroid saponins. Though the plant has pharmacological potentials no standardization has been done from pharmacognostically, hence form the basis for performing the work. The transverse section showed the characters of typical monocot root with rhizodermis and 18-20 pairs of vascular bundles. The powder microscopy showed the presence of cork. The proximate analysis, fluorescence analysis and preliminary chemical tests were performed and reported. These data’s would help in the development of a root profile for the plant.
Key words: Borassus flabellifer, borassosides, rhizodermis, pericycle, physico chemical, flourescence analysis
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