Recent aspect of dry eye syndromes pathophysiology and management of the disease 

By Debjit Bhowmik, Chiranjib. B, Gyan Prakash Yadav, Navinkanth Singh, K. P. Sampath Kumar


Dry eye syndrome is one of the most common problems treated by eye physicians.  Over ten million Americans suffer from dry eyes.  It is usually caused by a problem with the quality of the tear film that lubricates the eyes.  Tears are comprised of three layers.  The mucus layer coats the cornea, the eye’s clear outer window, forming a foundation so the tear film can adhere to the eye. The middle aqueous layer provides moisture and supplies oxygen and other important nutrients to the cornea.  This layer is made of 98 percent water along with small amounts of salt, proteins and other compounds.  The outer lipid layer is an oily film that seals the tear film on the eye and helps to prevent evaporation.  Tears are formed in several glands around the eye.  The water layer is produced in the lacrimal gland, located under the upper eyelid.  The oil deficiency also affects the tear film.  Without as much oil to seal the watery layer, the tear film evaporates much faster, leaving dry areas on the cornea. Many other factors, such as hot, dry or windy climates, high altitudes, air-conditioning and cigarette smoke also cause dry eyes.  Many people also find their eyes become irritated when reading or working on a computer.  Stopping periodically to rest and blink keeps the eyes more comfortable.  Although no cure exists for Dry eye syndrome, many treatments are available. Treatment is dependent on the severity of Dry eye syndrome Dry eye syndrome. Over-the-counter lubricating eye drops, commonly referred to as artificial tears, may help relieve your dry eyes. 


Key Words : Dry eye syndrome, Infection Medication, Treatment. 


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